A = Open Airway – Infant

Position casualty onto their back. Open mouth and ensure airway is clear.

 Open/Check Airway:

  • Infant – Head tilt/chin lift – Neutral Position
  • Child – Head tilt/chin lift – Sniffing Position
  • Adult – Full Head tilt/chin lift

To clear foreign material from the mouth cavity, roll casualty onto their side and use your fingers. (Infant little finger, child index finger, adult two fingers). * Only if object is easily visible and accessible in the mouth, taking great care not to push it down further.

If the object is too far back and in the ‘danger zone’ of the airway, Do NOT attempt to pick it out. In the height of stress any attempts to remove an object ‘to far back’ can have a devastating effect on a child’s airway.

*Refer to – Choking Baby/Child

*See our DRSABCD 7-Step Action plan for remaining steps of Basic Life Support. 

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What is the recovery position?

When a person is unconscious and breathing ‘normally’, the safest position you can put them in (infant, child or adult) is the recovery position. The KEY point with the recovery position is that the person must be breathing normally. If a person is unconscious and the breathing is absent or doesn’t sound normal, move onto CPR, not the recovery position. 

Our KidzAid courses are structured to ensure every participant receives ample opportunity to have hands on time and feel confident with these techniques. 

Tegan_King_2May2014_036

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The following information comes directly from the Poisons Information Centre. The management and treatment for poisoning is constantly changing, so methods used in the past, may now be discouraged. When you call the Poisons information Centre on 13 11 26  be rest assured that their databases are updated regularly and they will provide you with the latest and most current management for your loved one.

**If the victim has collapsed, stopped breathing, is fitting or is suffering an anaphylactic reaction, ring 000 for an ambulance.

Do NOT ring the Poisons Information Centre.

 

My child has swallowed a poisonous substance, what do I do? 

DO NOT try and induce vomiting.
Pick up the container and take it to the telephone.
Call the Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26 and they will give you advice on how to further manage the situation.

 

My child has a poisonous substance on their skin, what do I do? 

Quickly and calmly remove the contaminated clothing, taking great care to avoid contact with the poisonous substance. 

Flood the skin with cool running water for 15 minutes. After you have irrigated the area, gently wash with soap and water, ensure you rinse well.

Call the Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26.

Managing poisons in the eye

Flood the eye with water. To do this hold the eyelid open and use a small jug, cup or slowly running tap.

Irrigate for 10-15 minutes.

Call the Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26

Inhaled poison

Take the person to fresh air quickly, without placing yourself at risk.

Open doors and windows wide, if safe to do so.

Call the Poisons Information Centre on 13 11 26

 

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Administering medication to children can be tricky, especially for infants who do not understand the rationale behind mummy or daddy trying to squirt this yucky tasting syrup into their mouth.

When a doctor prescribes medication to a paediatric (baby/child), the dose that is prescribed is based on the paediatrics weight. The doctor will do a simple mathematical equation allowing an appropriate, safe dose to be administered. It is SO important to comply with the prescribed dosage and ALWAYS read and follow directions. If you are unsure, speak with your doctor or local pharmacist. 

Helpful tips for administering oral medications to paediatrics

  • Ensure your child is upright when administering oral medications, never left laying on their back. 
  • Place end of dosage device / syringe in the corner of your child’s mouth. Aim the medicine inside the cheek, not in the front where it can dribble out, or be spat out. To avoid gagging and choking, don’t aim for the back of the throat. 
  • Pretend to give your child’s medicine to a favorite toy or stuffed animal perhaps.
  • A reward for good cooperation may help, perhaps something special, a favourite game, book, special mummy and daddy time.
  • As a last resort, hold your child’s nose. Not only will this force your child to open their mouth, it also will minimise their ability to taste the medicine. 
  • Suppositories, chewable pills or capsules are another option when age appropriate.

Safety 

  • ALWAYS read directions.
  • NEVER leave medication unattended.  
  • DO NOT give your child another persons medicine.
  • ALWAYS administer medication to your child in a well lit area. Overdosage is very common and the Poisons Information Centre send many children to the emergency department as a result of overdosage.
  • DOUBLE CHECK with another person prior to administering the medication.
  • ALWAYS refer to the medications by their correct name, they are NOT lollies or treats. 
  • If you are unsure, seek advice from your local pharmacist.

Key points to remember

Never use a teaspoon as they vary in size.
Always check expiry prior to use.
If you think your child is having an adverse reaction to the medication, for example vomiting, diarrhoea or a rash, withhold the medication and speak to your doctor or pharmacist.
If the victim has collapsed, stopped breathing, is fitting or is suffering an anaphylactic reaction, ring 000 for an ambulance.
Do NOT ring the Poisons Information Centre.

 

*Useful link: Children’s Panadol Dosage Calculator 

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